Cai Yuanpei
Style names - Zhòng Shēn仲申, Hè Qīng鶴卿, Mín Yŏu民友, Jié Mín孑民.
An educationist and ideologist in modern China.

Born in 1868, Zhejiang Province.
Died in 1940, Hong Kong.

Cai Yuanpei held the office of the President of Peking University and was the founder of the Academia Sinica.  During his presidency at the Peking University Cai reformed the education system with the aspirations for academic freedom and gender equality, and advocated his educational beliefs, inter alia, “freedom of thinking and incorporating diversity”, under which the Peking University became the cradle of the May Fourth Movement.  He was respectfully referred as the “Father of Peking University”.

In 1937, Cai Yuanpei moved from Shanghai to Hong Kong near the age of 70.  During his residence in Hong Kong, Cai once delivered a speech in the opening ceremony of an art exhibition at St. John’s Cathedral in Central about the relation of aesthetics to the War against Japanese invasion, which was the only speech he had made in Hong Kong.

In 1940, Cai passed away at the Hong Kong Sanatorium & Hospital, and was buried at the Aberdeen Chinese Permanent Cemetery.

Footsteps in the Southern District:
In March 1940, Cai had a fall injury at home and died in the Hong Kong Sanatorium & Hospital two days later.  He was buried at the Aberdeen Chinese Permanent Cemetery.  On the day of his public funeral service held at the South China Athletic Association, all schools and businesses in Hong Kong lowered their flags, and more than 10 000 mourners came to pay tribute to this great educator.  The Chinese Film Association has also produced a documentary on the funeral and shown it at Central Theatre for public viewing.


Literary Landmark:
Stroll the Past

Aberdeen Praya Road near the entrance of Aberdeen Chinese Permanent Cemetery
Completion Date:
June 2015
CHAN hin-tsz, Angie  (School of Design of the Hong KongPolytechnicUniversity)
Design Concept:
One of Cai Yuanpei’s educational beliefs is the importance of “introspection”.  The designer of the landmark uses three sets of anti-clockwise shadow moving with different angles of sunshine to portray the idea of “introspection” advocated by Cai, with the aim of inspiring passersby to reflect on their times.